African Music and Dance in Print
Part 6 of 7: Symbols for the Drum
When an instrument is played, it produces a sound that is represented by a rectangle with different shadings and designs therein that indicates the action and sound produced. The following symbols are those necessary to read the sample notation.
The whole hand strikes the center of the drum and rebounds
Strike the drum in the center with a stick and rebound.
Half hand strikes the drum at the rim and rebounds.
Mute the drum with fingers.
(No appreciable sound).
Mute the drum with the fingers
Producing a sound.
Strike drum with stick and drag stick across drum.
Palm stroke with raised fingers.
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